1785-1875; b. Tregelo, Italy; worked as printseller in Dublin, 1802; opened
shop at Carrick-on-Suir, 1807; moved to Waterford, and learned English
from Edmund Rice, 1808; bought horse and jaunting car for £10 in post-Napoleonic
depression; ran first Bianconi coach from Clonmel to Cahir, working out
of Hearns Hotel; pop. known as Brian Cooney; fleet amounted to 900
horses and 67 cars; naturalised Irish citizen in 1831; provided feeders
to railways; purchased rail stock; dir. Waterford and Limerick Railway
Co, 1834, and National Bank, 1835; Mayor of Clonmel, 1844; friend of Daniel
OConnell and later of Trollope when in Clonmel; Dep.-Lieut. Tipperary,
1863; there is a life by his dg. daughter Mrs. Morgan John OConnell.
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Morgan John OConnell, Charles Bianconi: A Biography, 1786-1875
(London: Chapman & Hall 1878), vi, 327pp., ill. Angela Hayes [Autobiography,
pp.1-23; and see rev. edn., infra]; Constantia Maxwell, Bianconi and his Irish Cars,
in Country Life (April 16, 1948) [q.pp.]; M.OC[onnell].
Bianconi & S. J. Watson, Bianconi: King of the Irish Roads (Dublin:
Allen Figgis 1962), 190pp., ill. pls.; and Do. [trans. as] Bianconi,
re delle strade irlandesi (Amministrazione Provinciale di Como 1993),
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Halls Ireland: Mr & Mrs Halls Tour of 1840 [abridged 2-vol. edn., ed. Michael Scott] (London: Sphere Books 1984): [...] The public cars of Mr Bianconi have, however, to a large extent, displaced the regular coaches and are to be encountered in every district in the south of Ireland. In form they resemble the common outside jaunting car, but are calculated to hold twelve, fourteen or sixteen persons. They are well horsed, have cautious and experienced drivers, are generally driven with three horses and usually travel at the rate of seven Irish miles an hour, the fares averaging about twopence per mile. They are open cars, but a huge apron of leather affords considerable protection against rain, and they may be described in all respects as very comfortable and convenience vehicles. (p.29; further on Irish jaunting cars; see further in Ricorso Library.)
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Library of Herbert Bell (Belfast) holds M. OC. Bianconi, Bianconi:
King of the Irish Roads (Dublin 1962).