Raymond Williams - Various Quotations

‘Culture is ordinary: that is the first fact. Every human society has its own shape, its own purposes, its own meanings ... We use the word culture in these two senses: to mean a whole way of life - the common meanings; to mean the arts and learning - the special processes of discovery and creative effort. Some writers reserve the word for one or other of these senses; I insist on both, and on the significance of their conjunction. (‘Culture is ordinary’, in Ann Gray & Jim McGuigan, eds., Studying Culture: An Introductory Reader, London: Ewarda Arnold 1993, p.26; quoted in Garry Leonard, 'James Joyce and Popular Culture’, in Jean-Michel Rabaté, James Joyce Studies (London: Palgrave/Macmillan 2004, p.42.)







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