Michael Hechter, Internal Colonisation (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul 1975).

‘It [colonialism] must involve the interaction of at least two cultures - that of the conquering metropolitan élite (cosmopolitan culture) and of the indigenes (native culture) - and that the former is promulgated by the colonial authorities as being vastly superior for the realization of universal ends: salvation in one age; industrialization in another. One of the consequences of this denigration of indigenous culture is to undermine the native’s will to resist the colonial régime. If he is defined as barbarian, perhaps he should try to reform himself by becoming more cosmopolitan. Failure to win high position within the colonial structure tends to be blamed on personal inadequacy, rather than any particular shortcomings of the system itself. The native’s internalization of the colonist’s view of him makes the realization of social control less problematic. Conversely, the renaissance of indigenous culture implies a serious threat to continued colonial domination.’ (p.73.)

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