Liam O’Flaherty, Famine (1937; Wolfhound Press 1979).

This selection has been made in the course of teaching the novels of Liam O’Flaherty; and as such it constitutes an aide memoire rather than republication in any form. The Wolfhound edition is a facsimile reprint.

This rain … will be the ruin of the Valley’ [6] his rosary beads … morning prayers [6-7]

Fowl … pigs [...] ‘… stinks’ [7] ‘they pay the rent’ [Maggie; 8] very fat, with pale, unhealthy cheeks [8] a difficult matter [8]

blatant mask of the disease from which he suffered … Christlike appearance [Michael; 11]

The murmur of the falling milk and the sweet smell that rose from its billowing white froth soon softened his temper [Brian; 13]

truly a beautiful woman … her husband’s eyes followed her, drunk with unsatisfied love [Mary; 14]

buttermilk … potatoes [15] got a look quite savage at the sight of food [15-16] unbearded parts of his face were as red as a berry except his forehead [Thomsy; 16]

‘A custom is a custom [...] Good or bad, its well to live up to it’ [Brian, 17; vide burial without wake … sacrilege, 293]

spalpeen or migratory worker … he surrendered his share of the land to Brian in return for his keep … As invariably happens in these cases, he had become completely degenerate and was treated with contempt [Thomsy’s history; 18]

Like most people who suffer from his complaint, he was over sensitive and the rest of the household were afraid to make any remark, lest he might construe it as a reference to his illness [Michael; 19]

hardly any breasts, and a round, protruding stomach [Sally O’Hanlon; 20]

‘the poor are like the birds’ [21] the blight [21] ‘There’s a smell from some gardens that would make a person sick’ [21]

‘don’t make fun of disaster’ [22] ‘Ugh!’ [...] ‘Ga!’ [25]

a violent fit of coughing … paroxysm [Michael; 26] thin wisp of blood [27] lay face downwards [Michael, 28]

Mary … spinning … Martin … smiling rapturously [29]

‘long time before my love can give you any rest’ [Martin to Mary; 30]

‘the lovely stories he tells’ [Michael; 30]

‘its stinking … from patch Hernon’s share’ [31]

rosary [33]

In spite of the smell of the blight it was very pleasant working down there by the river [...] It was very beautiful down there [37]

[Sally O’Hanlon’s children, 38]

A terrible fear oppressed her suddenly, a fear that her young love was going to be destroyed by an imminent disaster … this destroying hand, icy, with immovable grasp, would destroy her and her lover [39]

lying in a pool of blood [Michael 39]

Its never-ending sound was soothing like the unintelligible words muttered by the priest on the altar, coming from somewhere in the vast spaces of eternity. [40]

their rags, their filth, their coarse expressions and excited gestures [41]

Nobody is more repelled by the sordidness of extreme poverty than the child of parents who were born in it. [Dr. Hynes; 41]

little, yellowish eyes [43] sick man’s defiance [44] time to observe Mary’s beauty [46]

when the Queen’s men were going to be driven out of the country, to leave the landlords at their mercy [47]

Under the influence of Mary’s beauty and the intoxication of her glorious voice, he felt proud to be of their stock [47]

‘That’s a curse on the people’, Gleeson said, not on the land. The land of Ireland is holy and lovely and rich, but the tyrants have taken the rich land from the people and thrown them to live on the western rocks. It’s on the bog and moor now that the people of Ireland are living and the bogs breed disease.’ (1984, new edn., p.49); vide ‘a great talker about politics and of all the injustice that’s been done to the people by the tyrants that are over them’, 47]

ninety Eight … Castlebar [...] our great Liberator Daniel O’Connell … no real persecution any more [the fiddler; 50]

a conceited fellow [Gleeson; 51]

O’Connell … turned tail at Clontarf, with the victory in his grasp’ [52]

an angel came to her and told her to rise up and follow him … “This is America. Make a home here and God will bless you” [53; vide 345]

malady did not interfere with his appetite [55]

[the bailiff Simon Hegarty’s visit, 56] deferential [Brian towards bailiff, 56] "driver" [56, vide Hegarty the driver, 441]

Fair day [59] prettiest little house in the Valley [60]

‘They wouldn’t sow a head of cabbage or an onion, for fear the other people would make fun of them. Nor would they hunt a rabbit either. Everything like that country, but they wouldn’t do it.’ [Mary; 63]

‘Take charge here, or take me to America’ [Mary, 63]

raise a hand against Mr. Chadwick himself [64]

[Mr. Coburn, 66]

tithes [66; vide 51]

a consciousness of their hatred and of his unjust mode of life had eaten into his soul, giving his naturally simple and honest countenance the furtive expression of a criminal … become a recluse and … a neurotic, half-made creature’ [67]

[Crom House, 67]

the Thompsons had lived here in considerable style … after the rise of O’Connell’s movement [they] deserted the place altogether … fall into ruins [68-69]

[Chadwick, 69ff.]

‘a wreck at forty-five’ [70]

‘cut off here among a lot of howling savages’ [71] beautiful as her sister [Ellie, 71]

‘multiplying like rabbits. Priest encourage the ..’ [74] ‘Let them die’ [75]

[John Hynes, 77]

[Act For Reclaiming Unprofitable Bogs, 1742, 77-78]

penalty for being ostracised [78] Irish-town and English-town [78]

withered hand from infancy [79]

wore down hostility of the people by taking an active part in the nationalist movement [79]

For it was the purpose of this movement, which was really economic, although it was religious on the surface, to support the rising Catholic petty middle-class traders against their Protestant competitors [80]

‘He does be at me’ [Ely’s Story, 89]

‘he is going to pick the ripe apple [...] them are his very words, whatever he means’ [91]

the cunning and selfish qualities in her nature made her incapable of deep feeling, except about things that ministered to her desires and pleasures [92]

Father Roche [...] no kindlier, more diligent, more charitable man in the country than the fussy and rather ridiculous little Father Roche [94, but vide 290]

great frieze cape [McCarthy Lalor, 94]

‘more than sufficient food in this country, as the result of a plentiful harvest of oats, to feed double the population, but this food is passing out of the country, at the rate of sixteen thousand quarters of oats per week, not to mention a vast number of cattle, sheep and pigs. There they go before my eyes’ [Lalor; 95-96]

‘prohibit the export of food’ [96] driven down the road for export, together with the jaunting car of Mr Lalor, the saviour of the people [97]

[helping Hernon with his rent, 99]

Chadwick looked … at Mary [102] ominous dark clouds [103]

every delicacy the house possessed lavished on the sick man [Michael, 105]

mass of corruption into which the potatoes had turned [106] at one blow, the spunk had oozed from his body [Brian, 107] ‘a curse … has fallen on the land’ [Brian, ‘the old man’, 107] ‘All my life I’ve struggled with it …’ [Brian, 109] ‘he has it in him all right’ [Brian, of Martin; 110]

old rascal was only pretending to be overwhelmed by the disaster [111] campaign for cleanliness [Mary, 113]

And so the household settled down to the new kind of life that Mary had introduced among them, timidly allowing themselves to become inoculated with the germs of civilisation which her weaver father had brought with him to Black Valley [115]

calamity looming on the horizon [115] ‘Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes’ [Father Geelan, 117]

he was of the type of that gallant priest, who led the Wexford insurgents in arms during the rebellion of 1798. His belief in arms … responsible for his remaining a curate [117]

deep-thinking man who has looked a long time on the sufferings of his fellow creatures in a brutal form of society [118]

‘a government eager to destroy us as a race’ [119] ‘there isn’t enough food in England to feed the English so Ireland is kept as a granary and a butchery next door. Isn’t that their policy’ [120]

‘If the rent was kept back, that would give the government the excuse they are waiting for, to send their soldiers to massacre the poor defenseless people and clear them off the land at one sweep’ [Geelan; c.120]

‘pleasure to be born a happy British child as I have been’ [Dr Hynes’s primer, 121]

Ever since his [Dr. Hynes] childhood two mutually antagonistic influences had been working on his nature. One influence drew him towards the people whose blood ran in his veins. On the other hand he felt hostile towards the people, owing to their treatment of his grandfather and the way his father had suffered in his early struggles. [p.121]

Nowadays it is hard to imagine the degree of snobbery prevalent in those days, or the manner in which the painful feeling of belonging to a subject race affected the character of ambitious young Catholics who were struggling to improve their position in society. By the time he had finished his medical studies in Dublin, he had come to despise the masses of the Irish people, as an inferior race, a species of amiable buffoon, from whom he should do everything in his power to dissociate himself, in ideas, in manners, in language, in allegiance. [Dr. Hynes, 121]

his conscience began to affect him [122]

‘Learn to love this Irish earth, as your real mother […]The it will speak to you and tell you deep, deep things and beautiful things that are stronger than any misfortune. Listening to the wind, I dream. Come on, now.’ [Geelan to Dr. Hynes; 124]

[Chadwick cuts his own throat, 126]

[Ellie’s story, 127-28] Battle of Aughrim [134]

the memory of the girl’s breasts attacked him whenever he closed his eyes [Dr. Hynes, 134]

the Evil Eye [Patch Hernon goes mad, 137-45]

Kate Hernon, the wise woman of the Valley [139]

‘The Eye is gone. I’m cure’ [142]

[Kitty Hernon terrifies Michael, 148]

somehow she was nearer to him now, in this harsh character she had assumed of late, than she had been formerly … even though she had become cruel and intolerant, in the privacy of their bed she had become tender like a mother, ravishing him with her caresses [150]

‘While there is a bite in the house I’ll see nobody go hungry, relation or neighbour or stranger or whatever it may be. I trust in God’ [Martin; p.150]

‘Life is going to be hard, Martin. So we have to stint ourselves ...’ [Mary; [151]

‘The house terrifies me without a pig or a hen in it’ [151] ‘denounced from the altar’ [153]

‘outrages being committed in this district’ [154]

‘Let the scarlet woman that’s the cause of it clear out of this parish […’; 155]

‘Kill the tyrant’ [Gleeson, maddened by the ruin of his daughter; 156]

‘hobnobbing with the tyrants’ [Dr. Hynes, 160] ‘He sits like a native … they always apologise for taking a liberty’ [161]

‘To struggle towards perfection … is the purpose of civilised man’ [Fr. Geelan to Hynes, 162]

‘We are a house divided against itself … the tyrant has stripped us of all power ad devoured our substance’ [163-64]

‘You cannot change the blood in your veins … love this Irish earth … Ask the people. They know. Listen to them. Feel with them’ [164]

‘The house that shelters you and the chair you sit on are gifts to you from the people. Give them what you can in return’ [Fr. Geelan; 164]

He felt happy and wise and courageous [Dr. Hynes, 164]

[Dr. Hynes’s final interview with Chadwick, 168ff] difficult to conquer the feeling of being an inferior [168] ‘You and your kind have ruined and degraded this country’ [172]

[Canon Herlihy takes money from Hynes for special mass, 176] deeply superstitious … usurer [176]

Coercion Bill [177] [must not] interfere with the young English industries [177]

[On wakes, 196; vide 203] [debauched, 185, vide 287, et al. loc.]

[Hynes plots with Rabbit to buy Indian corn, 187ff]

The old men leaned across the board, until their noses almost touched. For a few moments they showered compliments on one another and then they began to argue furiously about the marriage settlement. [191]

ticket for the works [193] ‘Michael is dying’ [196] [the wake, 196ff, 203]

‘It’s a terrible thing to rise up and leave the sod we were raised on, to ross the ocean to a foreign land and be buried alive there, without a voice that we know, or a face, or even a kindly old stone with the nature of our country in it.’ [Nappa, 201]

‘God forgive me, I’m so glad poor Michael is dead. He was like a worm devouring everything and him wasting away.’[Mary; 204]

‘young Irelanders, Fenians and that criminal gang of physical force men, imported from abroad’ [Fr. Roche, 206]

the wolves had begun to fatten on the starving herd [207] guano [207]

pathetic appeal [Kitty to Coburns, 214] barged everybody [215]

‘… introduce the skeleton of a really magnificent social organisation into this backward country’ [Crampton, 227]

[Chadwick sells his horses, Chap. XXVIII]

‘Clogger’ [Crampton’s pronunciation of ‘our town’, 230] ‘a landowner has his duties as well as his rights’ [Coburn, echoing Drummond; 234] ‘they’re going to refuse to pay the rent’ [Hegarty, 232] ‘physical force man [...] Rafferty from Clogher’ [232]

[Narrator:] I am certain that, apart from whispered propaganda by a few militant republicans from the town, no definite organisation had been established in the parish. It was a spontaneous movement on the part of the people; one of those silent and sudden movements of rebellion that spring from the earth itself. The peasant can endure tyranny longer than any other class of the community; but when the moment [236] arrives for him to revolt, he needs no outside force to rouse him. His rebellion is instinctive.’ [237]

‘Down with the tyrants’ [237]

‘Take this, you ruffian’ [Chadwick strikes Martin Kilmartin, 241]

‘Charge the tyrants. Forward in Erin’s battle line’ [Gleeson, 242]

on his keeping [244, 275]; cf. to his keeping [254]; on their keeping [256, 257, 310]

Mary gave birth to a son [252]

‘It’s the people against the tyrants’ [Mary to Dr. Hynes, 253] Royal Irish Constabulary … trained as part of the Regular Army [254] unfortunate people of Crom treated as if they were in a state of criminal and armed insurrection, instead of being on the point of destruction by famine [254]

"The Bould Barney Gleeson" [255]

‘Where else would you get land, or the riches that come out of it? Taking the good times with the bad, there’s no more peaceful life on this earth. It’s the life God ordained, tilling the earth with the sweat of the brow. To be master of your own plot of ground and of your own hearth. And making things grow, like a miracle, out of the cold earth. Tyrants come and go, but the landsman goes on for ever, reaping and sowing, for all the generations of time, like the coming and going of the year, from father to son. To Liverpool, is it […]I’ll die here, and be damned to them all.’ [Brian, 257-58]

[Chadwick impounds the stock, Chap. XXXIV, pp.259ff.]

‘The curse of Cromwell is written on your forehead … blackhandled knife of vengeance stuck in your side’ [Kate Hernon’s prophesy, 264; vide 278: ‘Ask her what it’s for’]

‘Drive them’ [263]

‘There’ll be men watching you’ [Martin to Mary, 269-70]

a revulsion of feeling [Mary, 274]

Her desperate poverty had turned her into a kleptomaniac [sic; Sally, 276]

‘I’d rather inform on ye than let him be a party to that black deed. Let the murder not be on us’ [Mary, to Patrick, Gleeson, protecting of Martin, 278]

‘the curse of Columcille if you breathe a word’ [Kate Hernon, to Mary, 278]

‘There’s one man that won’t give evidence against my father’ [Patrick, 279]

‘A sovereign for every lash’ [Chadwick’s proposal to Mary, 282] ‘murder for thirty shillings’ [283] ‘let them have it’ [his own death, 286]

[Chadwick’s death by assassination, 288]

‘even Fr. Roche had to denounce the soldiery from the altar as ‘a licentious rabble’ [291]

‘cut off half his shame’ [Reilly’s evidence on Chadwick’s conduct, 291]

not "a smile on a single face, among a people whose gaiety was legend" [American report from Ireland, 290]

Mary … severely questioned … admitted her brother had made threats … having gone to met Chadwick in the summer-house, but maintained that she had tried to warn him [290-91] … Mary bore everything with wonderful courage [293]

leaders of those hiding out on the mountains [Martin, Jeremiah Considine, and Francis Fahy, 293]

‘God Save Ireland’ … the Deity had no intention of answering favourably to the weaver’s pray [294] crop … a bumper one [295]

a torrent of rain … it was horrifying … recited the rosary … it seemed the Lord heard their prayer [296; vide 306]

‘we’ll be on our feet again’ [297]

band of men on an island off the coast, away to the West [news of Martin, 299]

white cloud standing … like a mound of snow, hanging by an invisible chain [blight-bearing cloud or omen (folklore); 299]

‘Now the tyrant is dead, we’re safe from persecution’ [Brian, 297]

‘Never in my natural … it’s a miracle’ [Brian, 299] The wailing was now general all over the Valley [304; vide Joyce]

pitifully thin and bony [Brian, 306] Oscar [the dog, 307]

quite stunned and unable to realise what had happened [308] Such was their despair [308] ‘in jail they’d have to feed us’ [310]

‘We won’t get anything sitting here on our backsides praying to God. God helps them that help themselves’ [311]

The repressive action of the government following the riots … had terrified him [Dr. Hynes,

Alas! His type is all too prevalent; those who grovel in the dust and hide in their cellars, or throw up their hands in horror, when tyranny shows its fangs. The first sign of the mailed fist makes them feel that it is better to live a slave than die a hero. [313]

stomach swollen [plague, 315] The woman was stone dead [Hynes in the typhus cabin, 316] Pity had died on hunger’s approach. [318] [copse & arbour, 320ff]

‘let us die a soldier’s death’ [Fr. Geelan, 321] Repeal Association … ordering the total disclaimer of physical force, violence, or breach of the law … ever inviolate loyalty to … Queen Victoria’ [Fr. Roche, 321] ‘no law that forbids the destitute to sustain life’ [Fr. Geelan, 321] ‘I have decided to call upon the people to fight for their rights’ [Geelan, 322]

‘If the Church can’t lead her flock to battle in the cause of justice and liberty, then she must make room for those who can, for those who look upon the sword as a sacred weapon in defence of justice’ [Geelan, 322]

‘The hunger is upon us father’ [322; cf., hunger is on us, 351, 403]

We have seen how the feudal government acted with brutal force when the interests of the landowner were threatened, even to the extent of plundering the poor people’s property [325]

‘It’s true for Tom Geelan. Maybe he’s right after all, God forgive me’ [Fr. Roche, 327]

His anger was not the triumphant ferocity of rebellion, which rushes to arms and battle against its enemy. It was rather the impotent rage of defeat, brought on with one of those moment s of intense lucidity, which come even to stupid and irrational people, when they find themselves at the end of their foolish resources in a crisis. Now he realised, as he walked, that it was the policy of " peace at any price" preached by him and by all the other priests and politicians in command of the Great Repeal Association, that had produced this catastrophe, a disillusioned, disheartened, disorganised people at the mercy of the tyrannical government. A few short months ago … a million men would have been ready, armed with the frenzy of revolutionary faith [327] to crush the feudal robbers who oppressed them. But the demagogue O’Connell had professed himself a pacificist and a loyal subject of Her Majesty. The bishops also preached peace and obedience to the laws that gave them fat bellies and rich vestments and palaces. All those in command said that life must be spared and no cause was worth the shedding of a single mans blood. Now that blood was going to rot in starved bodies; bodies that would pay for the sin of craven pacifism the punishment that has always been enforced by history. [328]

‘It’s credit they were looking for, is it? You told me they …’ [Fr. Roche reproaches Hynes, 332]

‘I hate you, you horrible old man!’ [333] ‘Upon my word, I’ve enjoyed my stay here!’ [Crampton, 334]

sanitary officer, Simms [335]

Now she looked quite a virago … a strange resemblance to Kate Hernon [Mary, 337]

it was pitiful to see the way she now grabbed at her food, tore greedily with her teeth … just like the old man. Formerly, she used to be so dainty and restful, as if she were in a delicious swoon of passion [337]

‘I’m not going to die of hunger, nor my child either, while I have a pair of hands ...’ [Mary; 337]

‘Stand by the land. … while the sod is there and this roof, the law of God is against you going’ [Brian, 341]

‘it’s the destruction of the country they’re after, same as Barney Gleeson used to say’ [Thomsy, 342]

"This is America. Make your home …’ [Mary’s dream, 345] the lads [345] [Mary sends Thomsy to the West, 345ff]

Under the pressure of hunger, as among soldiers in war, the mask of civilisation quickly slips from the human soul, showing the brute savage beneath, struggling to preserve life at all costs [347]

the once proud heads leaned towards the collapse of eternal death [Mary ‘quells’ the old people, 348-49]

Quakers, they call them [349]

"big people" with the peelers [351; also 352, 370]

They were made speechless by the kind of terror which serfs feel in the presence of the ruling class [352]

Congested Districts [353] Society of Friends [353] Broadbent [353] Potter [353]

not at all in keeping with the principles of conduct expounded by Jesus Christ, whom the worthy man regarded as his master [Broadbent, 355]

‘A pretty exhibition of the unchristian spirit of rebellion’ [Potter, 356]

‘noble gentry’ [Sally, 357]

[T]he instinct which makes loafers torture their stomachs on a cold winter’s day, by standing outside the wall of some luxurious restaurant, sniffing at the rich smell of food that comes from the kitchens through the gratings in the pavement, listening to the clatter of dishes and watching the fur-clad, jewelled women, convoyed by uniformed lackeys and full-bellied escorts, enter between the columns of the doorway, mingling the scent of their perfumes with the odour of magnificent food’ [358]

‘money to be earned for informing on a wanted man’ [Mary, to Thomsy, 358]

‘Tell him it’s death or escape for us’ [Mary, 358]

[Patsy’s swollen stomach and Brian’s purgative, 363-64]

[Patsy falls to his death, ‘doing his little business’, 368]

‘Mother of God! He keeps on swelling and he dead. What class of a disease is that?’ [370]

‘a power of money’ [what Sally collects from the Quakers, 371]

Patsy O’Hanlon was the first man in the parish of Crom, within living memory, to be buried without wake or a funeral procession’ [372]

The Repeal Association, which comprised the most active and progressive elements of the population, was just then engaged at Dublin in a foolish quarrel about the advisability of accepting the doctrine of physical force to combat reaction [273]

‘within the meaning of the Labour Rate Act’ [373]

He firmly believed that the Quakers were running the food kitchen for profit [Hynes, 374]

The stupor of indifference had taken complete hold of the authorities. It was no less manifest among the people themselves [375]

Sally … fed herself and her children on all manner of dainties [376] ‘She’s gone out of her mind’ [Mary, of Sally, 377] Sally, whose courage and resourcefulness had been a tower of strength [377]

[Mary] began to have trouble with her milk [377]

[Thomsy’s story, 378ff] ‘face half eaten off him’ [381]

Inishgola [382] the lads were hidden and Martin the captain over them [382]

free enough except, for the hunger curraghs [since a peeler got his head broken, 383] a crowd of men on their keeping with him at the head of them [383] "the hawk" [Martin’s nickname, 383]

to let the people know the Queen was there with her big gun as tyrant over Ireland [383]

bodies of men wandering with hunger and men not on their keeping at all [385]

A Young Irelander … with the yellow hair … to fight for a republic of Ireland, to drive out the Queen’s men and get freedom for the poor people [385]

soldiers are the sons of the people [i.e., will not shoot, 387-86]

they’d make short work of the tyrants … liberty all over the world … Landlords … shot down like rabbits [386]

men … wanted by the police … would be sent to America [387]

‘You only think of yourself, and you with only a few years to live. We are young’ [Mary to Brian, 387]

‘I didn’t think of it that way’ [Brian, 387]

[Death of Dr. Hynes from plague, Chap. XLIX, pp.390ff.]

[Narrator:] As we have seen, there was a great deal of good in this little man. He was sensitive and kindly … He belonged to that large class of timid and mediocre people, who lack the moral courage to obey by their own dynamic force the urge towards the ideal [Dr. Hynes, 390]

under the curate’s influence, he had adhered to the doctrine of loving Ireland as a mother [391]

the vague mysticism of the curate [Geelan, 391] the evaporation in him of the urge towards the ideal [391]

a revolutionary soldier disarmed by the soutane which he wore and by mitred felons to whom he vowed obedience [391]

[Bridget Hynes buys Mary’s comb and dress, 394ff.]

medley of breast and towels and people screaming [Dr. Hynes’ hallucination, 397]

‘You and your man with the yellow hair!’ [Mary, to Thomsy, 400; Thomsy’s sacrifice, 400ff.]

ravenously … stuffing her mouth [Mary, eating, 401]

‘for it’s a queen I thought was living with us’ [Thomsy to Mary, 402]

‘Our mother is gone’ [Sally’s children, 403]

‘Dead meat’ [Sally cooks a dog, 404]

ship to America [Mary’s dream, 408]

great horde of marching people called him and he went with them, marching through the sweet-smelling heather to the summit of the promised land [Thomsy’s death, 409]

‘But they are dead, Sally’ [Sally kills her children, 413]

Like the majority of policemen garrisoned among the Catholic population of the South, he was an Ulster Protestant and he hated the Southern "papishes" violently [418]

subservient and garrulous … in the presence of authority [Brian, 419]

[burial of Ellen Gleeson, 432]

‘For the first time she rebelled against her belief in Divine Providence [Mary, 420]

‘they tore off his head’ [Thomsy’s body, 422]

man with the yellow hair [426]

[burial of Maggie, 431]

‘What word have you?’ [message for Mary, 433] ‘I am a man on my keeping that has a long road to make’ [434]

‘why would Christian men dive the poor that way to their death, unless there was a cause for it?’ [Mary O’Halloran, 437] ‘government … going to kill all the poor people’ [438]

‘It’s a sliding coffin they have for all of them’ [438]

‘Your disgrace is nothing compared with mine’ [Big House housekeeper, 438]

‘The plague tore through them like a mad stallion’ [439] slowly, very erect, tall, slender, with head thrown back [Mary, 439]

‘It’s the price of him to have the doctor die on him, in spite of all the nursing they bought him’ [441]

‘ship that brought load of corn from Philadephia’ [441] ‘Them that strike a blow … deserve to be looked after. them that won’t fight can die of the hunger and may the devil roast them’ [444]

‘Let you not forget … the fight for liberty must go on’ [444] ‘let your son grow up on the land of liberty to be a soldier of liberty’ [445] morsel of clay [Brian’s gift to Martin, 446] receding land [446] [death of Brian Kilmartin, Chap. LV, 446f.]

‘Suddenly he raised his snout, sat back on his haunches, and uttered a long howl. The he lay down on his side and nestled against the old man’s shoulder. [448; END.]

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