David Pierce, ed., Irish Writing in the Twentieth Century

CONTENTS

On A Personal Note [xxxi] Introduction [xxxix]

1890s: Shadows, Moods and Arguments: Douglas Hyde (1892) “The Necessity for De-Anglicizing Ireland”, from Charles Gavan Duffy et al., The Revival of Irish Literature (1894) [2] Douglas Hyde trans. (1893) “Da dTeinnse Siar' (If I Were To Go West), from Abhrliin Grlidh Chuige Connacht (Love Songs of Connacht) [13] Lionel Johnson (1893) “Parnell' from The United Irishman [13] R. P. Carton (1895) “The Association of Scenery' ; from The Irish Monthly [15] Maurice F. Egan (1898) “The Orange Lilies' from from the Land of StLawrence [22] E. Œ. Somerville and Martin Ross (1899) “Lisheen Races, Second Hand”, from Some Experiences of an Irish R.M [25] David Patrick Moran (1899) “The Battle of Two Civilizations”, from Lady Gregory (ed.), Ideals in Ireland (1901) [31] W.B. Yeats (1899) “The Literary Movement in Ireland”, from Lady Gregory (ed.), Ideals in Ireland (1901) [38] George Russel (Æ) (1899) “Nationality or Cosmopqlitanism”, from Imagination and Reveries (1921) [44] James Connolly (1899) “Physical Force in Irish Politics”, from Workers' Republic [47] Anon. (1899) Lecture by Mr W B. Yeats, from Irish Literary Society Gazette [49] Oscar Wilde (1899) from The Ballad of Reading Gaol [52]

Irish Writing in the 1900s, CRITICAL & DOCUMENTARY: Standish James O'Grady (1900) “The Great Enchantment' from All Ireland Review [56] W.B. Yeats (1900) “The Symbolism of Poetry”, from Ideas of Good and Evil (1907) [57] F.P. Dunne (1900) “The Irishman Abroad”, “The Decline of National Feeling”, from Mr Dooley In the Hearts of His Countrymen [59] W.B. Yeats (1901) “Magic”, from Ideas of Good and Evil (1907) [62] Francis Fahy (1901) “The Irish Language Movement”, from The Irish lAnguage Movement [63] Arthur Griffith (1904) “The Resurrection of Hungary”, from The Resurrection of Hungary' [65] J.M. Synge (1905) “from Galway to Gorurnna”, from The Manchester Guardian [68] John Eglinton (1906) “The De-Davisization of lrish Literature”, from Bards and Saints [70] Frederick Ryan (1906) “Criticism and Courage”, from Criticism and Courage and Other Essays [74] George A. Birmingham (1907) “The Literary Movement in Ireland”, from The Fortnightly Review [77] Bernard Vaughan (1908) “Christ Before the People”, from Sin, Society and Behaviour [83] IMAGINATIVE: Arthur Conan Doyle (1900) “The Green Flag”, from The Green Flag [87] George Russell (Æ) (1900) “A Farewell to the Hills”, from All Ireland Review [94] Moira O'Neill (1901) “Corrymeela”, from Songs of the Glens of Antrim [95] Lady Gregory (1902) “The Only Son of Aoife”, from CUthulain of Muirthemne [95] W.B. Yeats (1902) Cathleen ni Houlihan [98] George Moore (1903) “Home Sickness”, from The Untilled Field [103] Joseph Furphy (1903) from Such Is Life: Being Certain Extracts from the Diary of Tom Collins [108] Padraic Colum (1904) “A Portrait”, from Æ (ed.), New Songs [117] Eva Gore-Booth (1904) “The Little Waves of Breffny”, from The One and the Many [117] Lady Gregory (1904) Spreading the News, from Seven Short Plays (1909) [118] G.B. Shaw (1904) John Bull's Other Island [126] Eva Gore-Booth (1906) “Womens Rights”, from The Egyptian Pillar [170] J.M. Synge (1907) The Playboy of the Western World [171] Joseph Campbell (1907) “I am the Gilly of Christ”, from The Gilly of Christ [195] Lynn Doyle (1908) from Ballygullion “The Wooden Leg' [196] Seumas O'Sullivan (1908) “A Piper”, “Glasnevin, October 9th, 1904”, from Verses: Sacred and Profane [202] James Stephens (1909) “The Shell”, from Insurrections [202] Joseph Campbell (1909) “I am the Mountainy Singer”, “Night, and I Travelling”, from The Mountain' Singer [203]

Irish Writing in the 1910s, CRITICAL & DOCUMENTARY: Reverand P.S. Dinneen (1909) “The World-wide Empire of the Irish Race”, from Journal of the Ivernian Sodety (1910) [206] Patrick Weston Joyce (1910) “Affirming, Assenting, and Saluting' from English As We Speak It In Ireland [208] Joseph Campbell (1911) “A Ballad-Singer”, “The Human Voice”, from The Mearing Stones [211] J.M. Hone (1912) “Yeats, Synge and “The Playboy””, fromThe Irish Book Lover [212] George Tyrrell (1912) “1876”, from M.D. Petre, Autobiography and Life of George Tyrrell, Vol. 1 [213] Stephen Gwynn (1913) “Irish Book Lovers”, from The Freeman's Journal [217] Anon. (1913) “Irish Literary Society: Coming of Age Celebrations”, from The Irish Book Lover [218] George Moore (1914) From Hail and Farewell: Vale [219] Peter O'Leary (1915) “The Hunger”, from Mo Sgeal Fein (trans. Cyril Ó Ceirin, trans., My Story, 1979) [223] John Howard Parnell (1916) “My Brother's Personality”, from Charles ,Stewart Parnell: A Memoir [227] Thomas MacDonagh (1916) “The Irish Mode”, from Literature in Ireland [230] James Stephens (1916) “Wednesday”, from The Insurrection in Dublin [235] George Bernard Shaw (1916) “The Easter Week Executions”, from The Daily Neivs [239] James Stephens (1916) From Letters of James Stephens (Richard J. finneran ed., 1974) [241] Anon. (1917) “Reveries” and “Responsibilities”, from The Irish Book Lover [242] Darrell Figgis (1917) from A Chronide of Jails (1917) [242] George Russell (Æ) (1917) “The New Nation, from Imagination and Reveries (1921) [246]. IMAGINATIVE: Padraic O Conaire (1910) from Deoraiocht, (trans. Gearailt Mac Eoin, Exile, 1994) [249] J.M. Synge (1911) “In Kerry”, “A Question”, “Prelude”, “In May”, “The Curse”, from Poems and Translations [251] Joseph Campbell (1911) “The Weaver's Family”, from Irishry [252] St John Ervine (1911) Mixed Marriage, from Four Irish Plays (1914) [252] Francis Ledwidge (1913) “June”, from Lyrical Poems [258] Thomas MacDonagh (1913) “The Yellow Bittern”, from Lyrical Pieces [258] W.B. Yeats (1914) “September 1913”, “Fallen Majesty”, “The Cold Heaven”, from Responsibilities, [259] Patrick Pearse (1914) “I Am Ireland”, from Suantraide agus Goltraide [260] Patrick MacGill (1914) “De Profundis”, from Children of the Dead End [261] Lord Dunsany (1914) “The Assignition”, from The Poetry Review [267] Patrick MacGill (1916) “Padding It”, from Songs of the Dead End [268] Patrick Pearse (1917) “The Wayfarer”, from Collected Works of Padraic H. Pearse [270] W.B. Yeats (1916) “Easter 1916' from Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921) [270] Francis Ledwidge (1917) “Thomas MacDonagh”, from Songs of Peace [272] Joseph Campbell (1917) “Earth of Cualann”, “The Revealer”, from Earth of Cualann [272] James Stephens (1918) “Righteous Anger”, “0 Bruadair”, from Reincarnations [273] W.B. Yeats (1919) “The Wild Swam at Coole”, “In Memory of Major Robert Gregory”, “An Irish Airman Foresees His Death”, from The Wild Swans at Coole (1919) [274] W.B. Yeats (1919) “The Second Coming”, from Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921) [276] Eimar O'Duffy (1919) “Catastrophe”, from The Wasted Island [277]

Irish Writing in the 1920s, CRITICAL & DOCUMENTARY: Constance Markievicz (1920) from Esther Roper (ed.) Prison Letters of Countess Markievicz (1934) [282] Micheal Collins (1922) “Distinctive Culture”, from The Path to Freedom [284] George Russell (Æ) (1923) “Lessons of Revolution”, from Studies [286] Daniel Corkery (1924) “The Aisling”, from The Hidden Ireland [288] Francis Stuart and Cecil Salkeld (1924) “To All Artists and Writers”, from Tomorrow [290] W.B. Yeats (1925) “Speech on Divorce”, from Donald R. Pearce (ed.) The Senate Speeches of W.B. Yeats (1961) [291] Andrew E. Malone (1927) “The Coming of Age of the Irish Drama”, from The Dublin Review [294] Frank Gallagher (1928) from Days of Fear [299] Donn Byrne (1929) from Ireland: The Rock Whence I Was Hewn [302] Tomas O Criomhthain (1929) “Shrovetide, 1878”, from An tOileanach (trans. Robin Flower, The Islandman, 1937) [304]. IMAGINATIVE: Robin Flower (1920) “The Great Blasket: Poets”, from The Irish Book Lover [307] Conal O'Riordan (1920) “The Abbey Theatre”, from Adam of Dublin: A Romance of Today [307] John O'Brien (1921) “St Patrick's Day”, from Around the Boree Log [311] Darrell Figgis (1922) from The House of Success [313] George Russell (Æ) (1922) from The Interpreters [320] James Joyce (1922) “Telemachus”, “Calypso”,:Hades”, “Scylla and Charybdis”, “Wandering Rocks”, “Sirens”, “Cyclops”, “Circe”, “Ithaca”, “Penelope' from Ulysses, [323] Con O'Leary (1922) “The Snipe”, from The Manchester Guardian [347] W.B. Yeats (1923), “Meditations in Time of Civil War”, from The Dial [349] Dorothy MacArdle (1924) “The Portrait of RoisinDhu”, from Earth-Bound: Nine Stories of Ireland [350] W.B. Yeats (1924) “Leda and the Swan”, from Tomorrow [353] F. Scott Fitzgerald (1924) “Absolution' from All The Sad Young Men (1926) [354] Forrest Reid (1926) from Apostate [361] Liam O'Flaherty (1926) “The Tent”, from The Jent and Other Stories [364] W.B. Yeats (1927) “Among School Children”, from The Dial [368] F.R. Higgins (1927) “The Dark Breed”, from The Dark Breed [369] W.B. Yeats (1928) “Sailing to Byzantium”, from The Tower [370] Thomas MacGreevy (1929) “Seventh Gift of the Holy Ghost”, from The Dublin Review [371]

Irish Writing in the 1930s, CRITICAL & DOCUMENTARY: Mary Manning (1931) “A Letter from Dublin”, from The Saturday Review of Literature [374] George Russell (Æ) (1932) “An Essay On The Character In Irish Literature”, from Frank O'Connor, The Wild Birds Nest [375] F. Scott Fitzgerald (1933) from Andrew Turnbull (ed.), The Letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald (1968) [377] “Andrew Belis' (1934) “Recent Irish Poetry' from The Bookman [378] Pat O'Mara (1934) from The Autobiography of a Liverpool Irish Slummy [381] Ernest Boyd (1934) “Joyce and the New Irish Writers”, from Current History [385] Monk Gibbon (1935) from The Seals [389] George C. Homans (1936) “Boston Irish”, from The Saturday Review of Literature [391] Peadar O'Donnell (1936) “What I Saw In Spain”, from Ireland Today [392] Kate O'Brien (1937) “Adios, Turismo”, from Farewell Spain [393] Grattan Freyer (1938) “A Letter from Ireland”, from Scrutiny [398] Seamas MacManus (1938) “So They Said And Felt And Saw”, from The Rocky Road to Dublin [403] Robert Gibbings (1938) “Leaves from My Note-book”, from Blue Angels and Whales [407] Sean O'Casey (1939) “Life Is More Than Meat”, from I Knock at the Door [408] Peig Sayers (1939) “A Milk-House in Litde Island, Nance Daly and Nora Keaveney”, from Machtnamh Seana-Mhna (trans.'Seamus Ennis, An Old Woman's Reflections, 1962) [410] IMAGINATIVE Frank O'Connor (1931) “Guests of the Nation”, from Guests of the Nation [413] L.A.G. Strong (1931) from The Garden [419] John Hewitt (1932) “Ireland”, from The Listener [421] Austin Clarke (1932) from The Bright Temptation [422] W.B. Yeats (1933) “Coole Park and Ballylee, 1931”, “Byzantium”, “Remorse for Intemperate Speech”, “CrazyJane Talks with the Bishop”, from The Winding Stair and Other Poems [428] Blanaid Salkeld (1933) “Invitation”, “Here”, “Encyclopaedia”, from Hello Eternity! [430] Patrick Slater (1933) “Jimmie's Speeding”, from The Yellow Briar [431] John O'Hara (1934) from BUtterfield 8 [436] James T. Farrell (1934) from The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan [439] Samuel Beckett (1935) “Echo's Bones”, from Echo's Bones [442] Blanaid Salkeld (1935) “The Fox's Covert”, from The Fox's Covert [442] Teresa Deevy (1935) The King of Spain's Daughter from Three Plays (1939) [443] Joseph F. Dinneen (1936) from Ward Eight [449] Miles Franklin (1936) from All That Swagger [454] Patrick Kavanagh (1936) “lnniskeen Road: July Evening”, from Ploughman and Other Poems [456] Michael McLaverty (1937) “Game Cock”, from Ireland Today [457] Louis MacNeice (1937) “Carrickfergus' from E.R. Dodds (ed.), The Collected Poems of Louis MacNeice (1979) [461] Charles Donnelly “Poem”, “The Tolerance of Crows”, (1937) from Ireland Today [462]

[EDITING in PROGRESS]

JIM PHELAN fromLijer ;,l,:,tfT3Wl mo'It !,' :463

(1938) c

K:A:TE O'BRIEN from Pray for th~Wanderer “-:iA” 466

(1938)

.'

L.

Lazuli'

475W.B. YEATS aplS , ;

(1938) from New Poems

AUSTIN CLARKE “The Straying Student”, “Summer Lightning”, 476

(1938) ,i!,,!c/! from NiihtandMorning.

LOUIS MACNEICE. , “Section XVI”, 477

(1938) ,:. “,,\ from Aut~mnJournal

” ; c ,. .

FLANN O'BRIEN from At Swim-Two-Birds 479

(1939) ;, !

W~B: YEATS ; “UAdeiBerlB\llbih':-..”-ihe Statues”, ;483

(1939) “News fot thebeiphfcdracle”,

j “The Circus Aninials'Desertion”, “Politics”, \I!!

from Last poems and Pkrys (1940)

LOUIS MACNEICE “Cushendun”, 486

(1939) from H .”” ,

fl)~.' “:'

,”. ,,~!

I; flti); n!10W :)rlT”,)() 1 6 ,:. ),~

, “T “

()”, , , .”,1 i

, ,

Irish Writing~n ~e,1940s ,'jiJi”.H M(-fr

, i(\j;.l,

CRITICAL AND DocuMENTARY. \'T” I

JIM PHELAN “ A; Chiel's Amang Ye?,. c i ( 488

(1940) fromjailjournal -

FRANK O'CONNOR “An Irishman Looks at England”, 489

(1941) from The Listener

;~euls MACNEICE ;;”,1., “Traveller's Return'~ ; l~ l!'1JJ i c492

(1941) from Horizon ,1;

JIM PHELAN “The Irish Empire”, “:c”f 496

(1941) from Ireland-Atlantic Gateway

FRANK O'CONNOr “The Future of Irish Literature”, 499

(1942) ,from Horizon .

MYLES NA GOPALEEN “Cruiskeen Lawn”, ,;. 503

(1942) from The Irish Times

ERIC CROSS from The Jailor and Ansty 504

(1942)

NESCA A. ROBB fiomAn Ulstenvoman in England 1924-41 508

(1942)

ROBERT GREACEN “Irish Letters and the War' 512

(1943) from Reginald Moore (ed.), !, “ i ,.ii

Modern Reading No. 6 “,,!'j:

SEAN O'FAOLAIN “Romance and Realism' 514

(1945) from The Bell

MICHEAL MACLIAMM6IR “Reconnoitre”, 518

(1946) from All For Hecuba

CAtHAL O'BYRNE “Tradition and the Falls Road”, 521

(1946) “How Belfast Streets Got Their Names”,

'The Northern ;'tar”,

, “”,

' from As I Roved Out: In Belfast and Districts “

PA~RICK CAMPBELL “An Jrishman's Diary”, 527

(1946) from The Irish Times

~ USSHER “~he Contemporary Thought of Ireland' “ 528

(1947) from The Listener

JOHN V. KELLEHER “Irish-Amer'ican Literature, 532

(1947) And Why There Isn't Any”,

from irish Writing

JIM PHELAN “Drift”, 537

(1949) from We Follow the Roads

COLM 6 LOCHLAINN “The Worm Turneth”, 542

(1949) from The Irish Book Lover

TOM BARRY :C6t'~ter-Terror”, 543

(1949) from Guerrilla D,qys in !reland

sEAN O'CASEY “High Road and Low Road”, , 548

(1949) from lnislifallen, Fare Thee Well

IMAGINATIVE

EWART MILNE “Thinking of Artolas”, “Letter from Ireland”, 548

(1940) from Letter from Ireland

PATRICK KAVANAGH “Section VJl”, ! 550

(1942) fmmThe Great Hunger

BRYAN MACMAHON “Yung Mari Li”, 551

(1943) from The Bell

BETTY SMITH from A 1ree Grows In Brooklyn 557

(1943)

JOHN HEWIn “Once Alien Here”, 560

(1945) from LAgan

ROBERT FARREN “For Whom “The Bell” Tolls”, 560

(1945) from Rime, Gentlemen, Please

VALENTIN IREMONGER “Poem”, : “ 561

(1946) from The Listener

ELIZABETH BOWEN “Mysterious Kor”, 562

(1944) from The Penguin New Writing, No.20

DENIS DEVLIN “LoughDerg”, 569

(1946) from Lough Derg and Other Poems

JOHN COULTER “ImmigraIit Exile I, II, III”, 570

(1946) “Rhyme of Two Worlds”,

from The Blossoming Thorn

J.F. POWERS “Prince of Darkness”, 572

(1947) from Prince of Darkness And Other Stories “

MAIRTiN 6 CADHAIN “The Year 1912”, 589

(1948) from An Braon Broghach

, ,

.(trans. Eoghari O Tuairisc,

The Road to Brightdty, 1981)

Irish Writing in the 1950s

”, CRITICAL AND DOCUMENTARY

JOHN RYAN “Our Irish Publishers”, 598

(1950) from Envoy

PATRICK KAVANAGH “Diary”, , ;: 5,99

(1950) fro~ Envoy -

OLIVER ST JOHN GOGARTY “The Destruction Still Goes On”, 601

,(1950) from Rolling Down the Lea

GARRY HOGG “Connemara: Turf and A Camera”, 605

,(1.9?0) from Turf Beneath My Feet

SIR CHRISTOPHER “The First World War”, 607

LYNCH-ROBINSON from The LAst of the Irish R.M.s

(1951)

BRIAN O'NOLAN “ A” Bash in the Tunnel'v 609

(1951) from Envoy

xviii Irish Writing in the Twentieth Century

ROBERT GmBINGS from Sweet Cork Of Thee 612

(1951) \”,

STANISLAUS JOYCE “T-he Background to “Dabliners””, 615

(1954) from The Listener

HUBERT BUTLER “Portrait of a Minority”, 618

(1954) from The Bell

A.J.LEVENTHAL “Waiting for Godot”, 622

(1956) from TheDublin Magazine !

ELIZABETH BOWEN “Coming to London -IV”, “ 623

(1956) from The London Magazine

W:R. RODGERS “Meet, Drink, and Be Airy”, 625

(1957) from The Listener

'I1ERBNCE DE VERB WHITE from A Freiful Midge 628

(1957)

HEiNRICH BOLL “In A Manner Of Speaking”, 630

(1957) from Irish Journal (trans,' Leila Vennewitz, 1971)

E. ESTYN EVANS “Hearth and Home”,' 631

(1957) fromlrish Folk Ways

i ,

BRBNDAN BEHAN “ from BorstQIBoy 634

(1958) ,

FRANK O'CONNOR “Writing a Story -One Man's Way”, 638

(1959) from The Listener

IMAGINATIVE

EDWARD A. MCCOURT from Home Is The Strangr;r 641

(1950) ,

SAM HANNA BELL from December Bride 648

(1951)

PATRICK KAVANAGH “Who Ki1ledJamesJoyce”, 650

(1951) from Envoy -/

PADRArC FALLON “Yeats's Tower at :Ballylee”, 651

(1951) from The Dublin Magazine

c

W.R. RODGERS “The Net”, 652

(1952) from Europa and the Bull

,

sEAN 6 RfORDAIN “Siollabadh”, 653

'(1952) from BireaballSpideoige; “Syllabling”,

trans. Patrick Crotty, from Patrick Crotty (ed.),

Modern Irish Poetry: An Anthology (1995)

FRANK O'CONNOR “My Oedipus Complex”, 654

(1952) from Irish Writing

SAMUEL BECKETT from Molloy, tranS. Patrick Bowles 659

(1954) and Samuel Beckett

BRENDAN BEHAN from The Quare Fellow 662

(1954) ,

EDWIN O'CONNOR from The LAst Hurrah 673

(1956)

EUqENE O'NEILL from Lo~g Day~ Journey Into Night 680

,

(1956) (first staged 1956; written 1940)

SAMUEL BECKETT from Malone Dies 693

, .

(1956) “,1!;'('

DENIS DEVLIN “The Tomb of Michael Collins”, 693

(1956) from The Sewanee keVieu:

:,

SEAN O'FAOLAIN “Lovers of the Lake”, 695

(1957) from The Finest Stories of Sean O'Faolain

L,~,G. STRONG “ResidQe”,'Ripple”, “The Harbour”, 706

(1957) from The Body~ Impeifection

SA,MUEL BECKETT Endgame 707,

(1958)

EUGENE O'NEILL Act One frp~ A Touch of the Poet 725.

(1958) (first st;tged 1958, writteQ 1936-9)

JOHN HEWITT ;.Il, “An Irishman in Coventry”, !.J;”” 737

(1959) , “ from New Statesman and Nation

) f!')~

-

.Irish Writing in the 1960s ,,'

CRITICAL AND DOCUMENTARY

SEAN O'FAOLAIN ocr” “Fifty Years of Irish Writing”, 740

(1962) from Studies

BRIAN INGLIS “Our Set”, .747

-/

(1 %2) from West Briton

FRANK O'CONNOR from TherLoneryVoice: 751

(1962) A Study of the Short Story

KATE O'BRI~N “Dublin”, 753

(1962) from My Ireland 1rf;::ii

JOHN MONTAGUE “The Rough Field”, !!,'r 755

(1963) from The Spectator

CONOR CRUISE O'BRIEN “Passiori arid Cunning”, 756

(1965) froni A. Norman)effares and. “

K.G. w: Cross (eds.), In Exdted Reverie ;\” i ,

xx Irish Writing in the Twentieth Century

RIVERS CAREW and “Editorial”, 759

TIMOTHY BROWNLOW from The Dublin Magazine

(1965) .

MICHAELJ. MURPHY “A Long Night in the Spike”, , 759

(1967) from Ulster Folk!ife

ANTHONY BURGESS “The Reticence of”Ulysses””, 761,

(1969) from The Spectator

ROY MCFADDEN “The Severed ~d”, 763

(1969) from Hibernia

MICHAEL LONGLEY “Strife and the Ulster Poet”, 764

(1969) from Hibernia

,

SEAMOS HEANEY “John Hume's Derry”, 766

(1969) from Hibernia

IMAGINATIVE

EDNA O'BRIEN from The Country Girls 767

(1960)

PAUL SMITH from The Countrywoman 769

(1962)

BRIAN FRIEL “Foundry House' 774

(1962) from The Saucer of Larks

PATRICK KAVANAGH “On Raglan Road”, “Canal Bank Walk”, 780

(1964) “Lines Written on a Seat on the Grand Canal,

Dublin”,

from Collected Poems

BRENDAN KENNELLY :My Dark Fathers”, .i 781

(1964) from My Dark Fathers ..

sEAN 6 RiORDAIN “Claustrophobia”, 782

(1964) from Brosna,trans. Thomas Kinsella

WILLIAM conER MURRAY from Michael Joe 782

(1965) -/

BRYAN MACMAHON “The Valley ofKnockanure”, as sung by 786

(1966) Paddy Tunney on Ireland Her Own

PATRICK BOYLE “Go AWay, Old Man; Go Away”, 787

(1966) from At Night All Cats Are Grey

BOB SHAW “Light of Other Days”, 792

(1967) from World~ Best Science Fiction 1967

DEREK MAHON “A Disused Shed in “Co.Wexford”, 795

(1968) from Night-Crossing

LEE DONNE from A Bed in the Sticks 796

'(1968)

THOMAS KINSELLA from “Nightwalker”, 802

(1968) from Selected Poems 1956-68 (1973)

JAMES PLUNKETT from Strnmpet City 803

(1969) ,

RICHARD POWER from The Hungry Grass 806

(1969) “ :'

Irish Writing in the 1970s

CRITICAL AND DOCUMENTARY

THOMAS KINSELLA “The Divided Mind”, 810

, , “

(1971) frO iii Sean Lucy (e~.), Irish Poets in English

, “ \

JOHN JORDAN “ A Censored pec;~de;' !, 814

(1972) from Hibernia

CE~IL KING from!The Cecil King Diary 1970-74 (197~) 816

(1972)

ROSITA SWEETMAN “Cry Irish”, 817

(197'2) from “On Our Knees': Ireland 1972

HUGH BRODY “Faniily Life”, 820

(1973) from Inishkillane

RICHARD HOWARD BROWN from I Am Of Ireland 822

(1974)

J.P. DONLEAVY “Upon Being Told the F..tal News ...”, “Dying”, 826

(1975) from The Unexpurgated Code

\

BENEDICT KIELY “In Iowa: A Beauty Queen and a Blind Man”, 828

(1975) from Ronnie Walsh (ed.), Sunday Miscellany

JACK HOLLAND “Broken Images”, 830

(1975) frqm Hibernia

, ,

FRANCIS STUART “The Soft Centre of Irish W riring”, 831

/

(19?6) from The Irish Times -

DENIS DONOGHUE “Being Irish Together”, 833

(1976) from Southern Review

SEAMUS DEANE “Unhappy and At Home: Interview 835

(1977) with Se~~s Heaney”,

from The Crane Bag

D0NA.LL MACAMHLAIGH “Britain's Irish Workers”, 840

(1978) from The 1ablet

DBRVLA MURPHY from A Place Apart 843

(1978)

;0< IMAGINATiVE , ( v

CHRISTY BROWN, i. \'I? ; , from Down All the Days 844

(1970)

;r~ “

J.G. FARRELL from 1roubles 849

(1970)

I; .:”..\. : ,

ElLEAN Ni CHUILLEANAIN “Early Recollections”, 850

(1970) from Atlantis

FRANCIS STUART from Black List, Section H 850

(1971) , .: , c” i!~ii:

JOHN MONTAGUE “ A Lost Tradition”, 853

(1972) from The Rough Field”,

WILLIAM TREVqR “The Ballroom “of Romance”, 854

(1972) from The Ballroom of Romance and Other Stories

!

MARY LAVIN “A Memory”, 863

(1972) from A Memory and Other Stories

PATRICK GALVIN “The Irish”, “The Wood-Burners”, 882

(1973) “By Nature Diffident”,

.( from The Wood-Burners

JAMES SIMMONS “Claudy”,' 884

(~~74) from West Strand V!~ions

SEAMUS HEANEY “Punishment”, “A Constable Calls”, “Exposure”, 885

(197,5) from North, ,

LEO SIMPSON “Visiting the Future”, 887

(1976) from Henry Imbleau (ed.),

c rf'

, -The LAdy and the 1ravelling Salesman

CAROLINE BLACKWOOD from Great Granny Webster 890

(1977) ..,”, i ,;

i ;c ,1

JENNIFER JOHNSTON from Shadows on Our Skin 893

(19n) [!

,

BENEDICT KIELY “The Night We Rode With Sarsfield”, 896;

(1978) -' “ from A Cowiti “the House -.,

/

TESS GALLAGHER “The Ballad ofBallymote”, 900-

(1978) from Under Stars

ROBERT CREELEY “Theresa's Friends”, 901

(1978) , ..from Later

lAIN CRICHTON SMITH “For Poets Writing in English Over in Ireland' 902

(1978) from Stand ,

THOMAS FLANAGAN “Ballinamuck, September 10”, “ “, , ! 903

(1979) from The Year of the French

SEAMus HEANEY “Casualty”, “The Skunk”, “ , i' 906

(1979) from Field Work

VINCENT BUCKLEY “The Gaeltacht”, 908

(1979) from The Pattern

BR~ MOORE from The Mangan Inheritance 909

(1979)

'Hr,

\u'

.~\!f

0'

Irish Writing in the 1980s

CRITICAL AND DOCUMENTARY

MARY HOLLAND “Ireland Blasts Back”, ~, 918

,

(1984) from The New Statesman

DERVLA MURPHY from T4les .from Two ,Cities: 920,

(1985) 7ravels of Another Sort

DEREK MAHON “ A Tribute to Beckett on his 0] ! 923

(1986) Eightieth Birthday”,

from The Observer

PETER SIRR “Poetry in Ireland from its Roots”, 925

(1986) from The Irish Times

VINCENT BUCKLEY “Introduction”, 928

(19~5) from Memory Ireland

DESMOND HOGAN “Intetviewwith Van Morrison”, 930

(1987) from The Edg~ ofttu: City

BILL NAUdHTbk “The Irish and the Engljsh”, 933

(1988) from Saintly Billy

EDWARD SAID “Yeats arid Decolonizacion”, 934

; c

(1988) from Nationalism, Colonialism and Literature

.fiby'

PAUL HEWSON!:,rJSin “Bono: Th~White Nigger”, 935

(1988) “ from Richard Kearney (ed.), Across the Frontiers

BILL ROLSTON “Mothers, Whores and Vinains”, ,; 938

(1989) from Race and Class ~/

WILLIAM KENNEDY “Tap Dancing Into Reality”, 939

(1989) from Riding the Yellow 7rolley Car

EAVAN BOLAND “Outside History”, 946

(1989) from Object Lessons (1996)

jbHNGREGORY DUNNE from Harp 955

(1989)

AIDAN HIGGINS “1927: Earliest Misgivings; 956

(1989) the March of the Cadavers”,

from Htlsinger Station and Other Departures

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