Seamus Deane, gen. ed., Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day Co. 1991), Vol. 2: established by Parnell as The Irish Daily Independent on defection of Freeman, first issue 18 Dec 1891, two months after his death; later taken over by Redmond, and finally bought out by W. M. Murphy, and name changed ; [Redmond biog., err. 370].
Seamus Deane, gen. ed., The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day Co. 1991), Vol. 3: the attack on the Lane Municipal Gallery proposal spearheaded by WM Murphy through his papers the Irish Independent and the Evening Herald. 614n [index err. 613]
See also under The Independent.