Monthly journal fnd. by Archb. Paul Cullen of Dublin, March 1864; ed. Rev. George Conroy and Rev. Patrick Moran.
Seamus Deane, gen. ed., Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day Co. 1991), Vol. 2: founded by Cardinal Cullen in 1864 [?err.1854]to promote Ultramontane policies; promulgated and explained papal doctrines in terms of universal catholicism .