John Scott Vandeleur
Desmond Fennell, Irish Socialist Thought, in The
Irish Mind, ed. Richard Kearney (1985): Vandeleur had heard Owen lecture
in Dublin in 1823, and was converted to his ideas. After visits to Owen
in England and correspondence with him, he decided to establish a cooperative
village on his untenanted 600-acre estate at Ralahine, near Bunratty..
built comfortable stone cottages, dormitories for single men and women,
a store, a school, a large ding-room, and a meeting room. In 1831 he persuaded
Edward Thomas Craig, ed. of Lancashire Coperator, to be manager [and formed
with tenants] the Ralahine Agricutlural and Manufacturing Cooperative
Association [...] The community prospered till Vandeleur lost all he owned
at gambling and lest suddenly for America. The Vandeleur family resumed
direct possession of Ralahine and evicted the community without compensition
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No ODNB entry.