George Tyrrell [S. J.]
1861-1909; confessional writer; b. Dorset St., Dublin; first cousin of
Robert Yelverton; converted to Catholicism, 1879; probationary year at
Jesuit College, Malta; entered Manresa House, Roehampton, 1880; took vows,
1882; became Thomist scholar at Stonyhurst, and returned to Malta as schoolteacher;
ordained after 4 years at St Beunos College, Wales, 1891; Stonyhurst,
1896; joined literary staff at Farm St., London; forced to retire to Jesuit
Mission House by authorities, 1899; Confidential Letter to a [...]
Professor of Anthropology (1906) admits untenability of conservative
Catholic position; published as A Much Abused Letter (1906); expelled
1907; suffered minor excommunication for letters to The Times opposing
decrees against Modernism; attacked by Bishop Mercier as embodiment of
Modernism; replied in Medievalism (1908); d. Storrington, Surrey.
ODNB PI KUN FDA.
Nova et Vetera (London: Longmans 1897); Hard Sayings (London:
Longmans 1898); External Religion (London: Sands & Co. 1899);
The Faith of the Millions, 1st & 2nd ser. (London: Longmans
1901-02); Oil and Wine (London: Longmans 1902); Lex Orandi
(London: Longmans 1903); Lex Credendi (London: Longmans 1906);
A Confidential Letter to a friend who is a Professor of Anthropology,
later A Much Abused Letter (London: Longmans 1906); Through
Scylla and Charybdis (London: Longmans 1907); Medievalism (London:
Longmans 1908); Essays on Faith and Immortality (Arnold 1914).
M. D. Petre, ed., [Tyrrell,] Autobiography and Life (Arnold 1912);
A. Loisy, Memoires pour servir a lhistoire religieuse de notre
temps, 3 vols. (Paris 1930-31); J. L. May, Father Tyrrell and the
Modernist Movement (London: Eyre & Spottiswoode 1932); M. D. Petre, Von Hugel and Tyrrell: The Story of a Friendship (London: J. M.
Dent 1937); M. Ward, The Wilfrid Wards and Transition (London:
Sheed & Ward 1937); C. Dawson, Prophets of Past Time (Johns
Hopkins UP 1988), pp.25-69.
D. J. ODonoghue, Poets of Ireland (Dublin: Hodges Figgis
1912), Version and Perversions from Heine (London 1909); b. Dublin,
15 July; noted Jesuit; expelled from order for Modernist doctrines; vide
Seamus Deane, gen. ed., The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day 1991), Vol. 3, selects Autobiography
and Life of George Tyrrell, chps., V and XIII, ending, perhaps
had I lived at home ... I might have worn down [and] ... broken those
hearts whose love was everything to me ... that is my faint hope, and
the salve of my conscience, when I think, with bitterness, how I abanonded
the life of affection for the service of so barren a mistress as truth,
and let the substance of life escape me in the pursuit of shadows ..
[407-11], conversion; repugance of his old co-religionists, and his own
disappointment with the Catholic church, 407; the theological abstractions
Tyrrell had fed to him when he converted to Catholicism and found that
he still could not appease the Protestant longing for a religion of evangelical
fervour and warmth [Deane, ed.], 382; BIOG, WORKS & CRIT 557 [as supra].