George Tyrrell [S. J.]

Life
1861-1909; confessional writer; b. Dorset St., Dublin; first cousin of Robert Yelverton; converted to Catholicism, 1879; probationary year at Jesuit College, Malta; entered Manresa House, Roehampton, 1880; took vows, 1882; became Thomist scholar at Stonyhurst, and returned to Malta as schoolteacher; ordained after 4 years at St Beuno’s College, Wales, 1891; Stonyhurst, 1896; joined literary staff at Farm St., London; forced to retire to Jesuit Mission House by authorities, 1899; Confidential Letter to a [...] Professor of Anthropology (1906) admits untenability of conservative Catholic position; published as A Much Abused Letter (1906); expelled 1907; suffered minor excommunication for letters to The Times opposing decrees against Modernism; attacked by Bishop Mercier as embodiment of Modernism; replied in Medievalism (1908); d. Storrington, Surrey. ODNB PI KUN FDA.

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Works
Nova et Vetera (London: Longmans 1897); Hard Sayings (London: Longmans 1898); External Religion (London: Sands & Co. 1899); The Faith of the Millions, 1st & 2nd ser. (London: Longmans 1901-02); Oil and Wine (London: Longmans 1902); Lex Orandi (London: Longmans 1903); Lex Credendi (London: Longmans 1906); A Confidential Letter to a friend who is a Professor of Anthropology, later A Much Abused Letter (London: Longmans 1906); Through Scylla and Charybdis (London: Longmans 1907); Medievalism (London: Longmans 1908); Essays on Faith and Immortality (Arnold 1914).

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Criticism
M. D. Petre, ed., [Tyrrell,] Autobiography and Life (Arnold 1912); A. Loisy, Memoires pour servir a l’histoire religieuse de notre temps, 3 vols. (Paris 1930-31); J. L. May, Father Tyrrell and the Modernist Movement (London: Eyre & Spottiswoode 1932); M. D. Petre, Von Hugel and Tyrrell: The Story of a Friendship (London: J. M. Dent 1937); M. Ward, The Wilfrid Wards and Transition (London: Sheed & Ward 1937); C. Dawson, Prophets of Past Time (Johns Hopkins UP 1988), pp.25-69.

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References
D. J. O’Donoghue, Poets of Ireland (Dublin: Hodges Figgis 1912), Version and Perversions from Heine (London 1909); b. Dublin, 15 July; noted Jesuit; expelled from order for Modernist doctrines; vide Supplement ODNB.

Seamus Deane, gen. ed., The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (Derry: Field Day 1991), Vol. 3, selects Autobiography and Life of George Tyrrell, chps., V and XIII, ending, ‘perhaps had I lived at home ... I might have worn down [and] ... broken those hearts whose love was everything to me ... that is my faint hope, and the salve of my conscience, when I think, with bitterness, how I abanonded the life of affection for the service of so barren a mistress as truth, and let the substance of life escape me in the pursuit of shadows ..’ [407-11], conversion; repugance of his old co-religionists, and his own disappointment with the Catholic church, 407; the theological abstractions Tyrrell had fed to him when he converted to Catholicism and found that he still could not appease the Protestant longing for a religion of evangelical fervour and warmth [Deane, ed.], 382; BIOG, WORKS & CRIT 557 [as supra].

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