[Sir] Phelim ONeill
?1604-1653; started the 1941 Ulster Rising with the seizure of Charlemont
Fort, 22-3 Oct.; expelled from Irish Commons for concerting Ulster Rebellion,
1641; first commander of northern forces; represented Ulster on Confederates
supreme council; fought at Benburb; attempted peace with Ormond; tried
to prevent alliance of Owen Roe and Ormond, 1648; ... executed 1653. ODNB
Ramsay Collis, History of Ulster, Vol. III [1640-1796] (London:
Gresham Publishing MCMXIX ), Coote defeated Phelim ONeill
at the siege of Charlemont Fort, treacherously taken earlier by ONeill,
23rd Oct; young Lord Caulfeild - presumably the son of Toby Caulfeild
- was shot in the back while a prisoner by kinsmen of ONeill, who
denied involvement and had the malefactors punished (though further evidence
suggests that they were not); condemned to death and executed 16 Sept.
1653, Sir Phelim ended with the declaration, I never had any commission
from the King for levying or prosecuting the war [Collis, p.147];
he was hanged, drawn and quartered.