Daniel Murray [Archbishop of Dublin]


Life
1768-1852; b. Sheepwalk 160-acre farm in the parish of Avoca nr. Arklow, Co. Wicklow, 18 April 1768; son of Thomas and Judith Murray; ed. locally and ast school of Thomas Betagh, S.J., and John Austin, S.J., Saul's Court, Christchurch, Dublin [aetat. 8]; afterwards sent by Archb. John Carpenter to the Irish College at Salamanca; ord. 1792 [err. 1790]; curate of St. Paul's, Arran Quary, Dublin; app. curate in Arklow during 1798, and survived attack by yeomenry in which the parish priest was killed, escaping with assistance of Rev. Bailey, the Protestant rector; appt. Curate at St. Andrew's Chapel, Hawkins St., and, shortly after, curate of Chapel of St. Mary, Upr. Liffey St., under Archbishop Troy;
 
he opposed the British Veto on Catholic episcopal appointments in Ireland, 1808; appt. co-adjutor Bishop of Dublin, 1809, at Troy's behest; appt. administrator of St. Andrew's, 1811; appt. President of Maynooth, 1812; he was instrumental in the establishment of the Sisters of Charity (Loreto), and Sisters of Mercy; also assisted Fr. Hand to establish All Hallows College, Drumcondra, for the education of priests for missionary countries; he laid the foundation stone for the Pro-Cathedral (Marlborough St., Dublin), 1816; Archbishop of Dublin, 1823; accepted National Education - the National School system - and served on the Commission, with A. R. Blake as sole other Catholic member, 1831, being supported by Bishop Doyle [“JKL”], and by the Vatican - but was opposed by Archb. John MacHale and nationalist Catholic members of the Hierarchy;
 
supported foundation of Catholic hospital St. Vincent's Hospital with Mary Aikenhead; he alienated nationalists by attending the vice-regal levée, 1844; later supported O’Connell and MacHale in denunciation of Queen’s Colleges, 1845; lent his signature to the appeal for William Carleton's civil list pension, and contrib. an article on him to the Edinburgh Review; d. at 9 [now 44] Mountjoy Sq. 26 Feb. 1852 [aetat. 84]; bur. in vaults of Pro-Cathedral; succeeded by Paul Cullen; he was a close friend of Bishop Whatley and esteemed byPopes Gregory XVI and Pius IX, it being said that the Papal condemnation of the Queen’s Colleges was withheld during his lifetime. ODNB DIH DIB

Archbishop Murray
Pro-Cathedral Monument

Criticism
Moira Lysaght, ‘Daniel Murray: Archbishop of Dublin, 1823-1852’ [paper read to the Old Dublin Society, 29 Nov. 1972), in Dublin Historical Record, 27, 3 (June 1974), pp.101-08 [available on JSTOR - online].

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References
Henry Boylan
, A Dictionary of Irish Biography [rev. edn.] (Gill & Macmillan 1988) gives variant details, ed. Dublin, &c.; ‘apprehensive of violence after the 1798 Rising, he moved to Dublin’; won friendship of Archbishop Troy; went to Rome in 1814 and 1815 to oppose the Veto; archbishop of Dublin, 1823; encouraged Mary Aikenhead to fnd. Sisters of Charity, and Catharine McAuley to and Sisters of Mercy; opposed Repeal Movement; supported Queen’s University; offered and refused seat on Privy Council; d. 25 Feb., Dublin. ODNB notes that he corresponded with John Henry Newman.

Archive: 21 boxes of his papers are held by the Dublin Diocese Archive; there is a webpage at the Dublin RC Diocese [online - includes a portrait].

Internet resources incl.
Online resources incl. Wikipedia - online
Webb’s Compendium of Irish Biography (1878) - online.

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