Charles Vane [3rd Marquis of Londonderry]

Life
1778-1858 [Charles William Vane, Baron Stewart and 3rd Marquis, on death of Castlereagh (Robert Stewart)], b. Dublin, only son of the first marquis by his second marriage and half-brother of Castlereagh; b. Mary St. Dublin; fought in Europe and Ireland [presum. 1798]; married dg. of Earl of Darnley; commanded brigade of hussars under Sir John Moore in Portugal; Peninsular Adjutant-general under Wellington; MP for Londonderry 1801-1812; plenipotentiary at Vienna; 1819, on death of first wife married dg. of Sir Harry Vane Tempest and inherited her fortune; succeeded to Marquisate in 1822; created Earl Vane and Seaham (UK) in 1823; works include Suggestions for the Improvement of the Forces of the British Empire (1805); Narrative of the Peninsular War (1808-1813); Recollections of a Tour in the North of Europe (1836); Steam Voyage to Constantinople (1840); ed. Memoirs and Correspondences of Lord Castlereagh (1855). CAB ODNB.

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References
Charles Read, ed., A Cabinet of Irish Literature (3 vols., 1876-78), gives bio-data: 1778-1854 [Marquis of Londonderry]; not the celebrated Earl, builder etc.; half-br. of Lord Castlereagh; b. Dublin; served on the continent and was lieutenant-colonel of 5th dragoons, later disbanded for insubordination, in the Irish Rebellion (1798); with Sir Ralph Abercromby in Holland; under-sec. war dept., 1803; commanded brigade under Sir John Moore in Portugal; adjutant-gen. under Wellesley; plenipotentiary min, at Berlin, 1813; Suggested Improvement of the Force of the British Empire (1805); Narrative of the Peninsular War (1808-1813); Recollections of a Tour in the North of Europe and Steam Voyage to Constantinople (1840).

Dictionary of National Biography cites Story of the Peninsular War (n.d.); Memoirs and Correspondence of Lord Castlereagh, as well as military and travel works.

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