Henri Hubert

Life
?1872-1927; b. Paris; ed. Lycée Louis-le-Grand and École Normale Superieure, where he studied Christian church-history; grad. [agrége] in History, 1895; held research post at École Practique des Hautes Etudes and Musée des Antiquités, from 1898; associated with Marcel Mauss (collaborating on “Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function”, 1899, and Outline of a General Theory of Magic, 1904), and worked on sociology of religion for Anée Sociologique of Emile Durkheim; appt. to Ecole de Louvre, and lectred on pre-historic ethnography of Europe, 1906; issued The Rise of the Celts and The Greatness and Decline of the Celts, jointly in English as  The History of the Celtic People (1934); his non-Celtic studies in the area appeared posthumously as Les Germains (1952); also issued  Essay on Time: A Brief Study of the Representation of Time in Religion and Magic; suffered the death of his wife in childbirth, 1924; d. 1927.

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Works
The History of the Celtic People: A One Volume Edition [first English edn. 1934; [facs. edn.] (London: Bracken Books 1992), 313pp. [see details]

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Bibliographical details

The History of the Celtic People: A One Volume Edition [first English edn. 1934; [facs. edn.] (London: Bracken Books 1992).

CONTENTS
Foreword by Henri Berr; The Expansion of the Celts xiii. Note by Marcel Mauss xxv.

Introduction [1-20] - I. The Barbarians. II. The Celts and the Greeks. III. Celtic Migrations and their Direetion. IV. What Remains of the Celts, and their Part in History. Celts of the Continent and the Celts of the Isles. Plan of this Work.

PART ONE: WHAT THE CELTS WERE.

I. THE NAME AND THE RACE [21]. I. The Name of the Celts, II. The Anthropological Evidence

II. LANGUAGE [33].

I. Language as the Mark of a Society. II. The Celtic Languages. III. Agreements between the Celtic Languages. IV. The Celtic Languages and the Indo-European Languages.

III. LANGUAGE [continued] [53]: I. The Centum Group and the Satem Group. II. The Western Group: Italic, Celtic, and Germanic. III Celtic Languages and Italic Languages IV. Celtic Languages and Germanic Languages. V. Celtic Languages and Balto-Slavonic Languages. The Vocabulary of the North-West.

IV. LANGUAGE [concluded] [72]: I. Celtic Languages and Indo-European Languages of the East and South-East. Conelusion. Iberian Ligudan, and Raetian.

V. THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE [80]. I. Archeologieal Traces of the Civilization of the Celts. The Civilization of La Tene. The Galatians and the Gauls of Italy, II. The La Tene Culture and its Subdivisions. The Station of La Tene, III. Weapons of Offence. IV. Defensive Ammour, 92. V. Omaments and Accessories of Dress. VI. Pottery, VII. Decorative Art. VIII. Chronologival Summary and Conclusions [126].

PART TWO: MOVEMENTS OF THE CELTIC PEOPLES

I. The Origins Of The Celts [181]. I. The Separation of the Goidels and the Brythons, 181. II. The Cradle of the Celts. Various Theories. III. The Area of Celtic Names in Germany. IV. The Domain Of the Celt in Germany. Archaeological Data. V. The Goidelic Cradle VI. A View of the Odgins of the Celt and Italo-Celtic Relations. Traees of the Goidels at their Starting-point [178].

II. THE EXPANSION OF THE CELTS IN THE BRITISH ISLES [189]. I. The British Isles before the Coming of the Celt. II. The Myth of Irish Origins. III. The Non-Celtic Element in the Population of Ireland, according to Mr. MacNeill. The Goidels and the Subject Peoples. The Erainn. IV. The Picts. V. Goidels, Picts, and Britons. VI. Picts, Britons, and Belgae in Britain. VII. The Britons and Belgae in Ireland. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnann, Galians VIII. The Racial Composition of Ireland.

III. CELTIC EXPANSION ON THE CONTINENT IN THE BRONZE AGE. GOIDELS AND BRYTHONS [281]. I. Did the Goidels take part in the Celtic Migrations on the Continent? Traces of the Goidels in Spain. II. Franee and Spain at the Beginning of the Bronze Age. Is the Civilization of El Argar Celtic? III. The Flattaned Bronze Sword in Spain and France. Picts and Pictones. IV. The Brythonic Celt of Southern Germany in the East of Gaul. Tumuli of the Bronze Age [246].

IV. CELTIC EXPANSION ON THE CONTINENT IN THE HALLSTATT PERIOD [258]. I. The Celt in the East of Franee. II. The Celt in the Domain of the Pile-dwellers. III. The First Descent ot the Celt into Italy. IV. The Celt in the North-East of Italy. VI. Celtic Expansion in the South-west of Franee at the end of the Hallstatt Period.

VI. CELTIC EXPANSION IN THE EXTREME WEST OF EUROPE [280].

V. CELTIC EXPANSION ON. THE CONTINENT IN THE HALLSTATT PERIOD (continued).

THE CELTS IN SPAIN. [282]. I. Celtic Cemeteries and Tumuli. II. The Ancient Historians. III. The Territory Occupied by the Celts. IV. The Surrounding of the Celtic Settlements. The Iberian Invasion of Languedoc and Aquitaine. V. The Celts on the Coast of Provenee [801]. Index [303]; incl. 3 plates;48 ills. in text; and 12 maps.

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Quotation
The History of the Celtic People (1934 Edn.), argues that Fianna had nothing to do with the early military organisation of the Celts, and must have been levied in imitation of Roman military institutions. Hubert assigns to them the source of the ‘power which we shall see at work’ (Chap.: “The Ending of Celtic Britain and Ireland”; p.169). He is anxious to disproved theories of the Irish origin of Celtic traditions elsewhere in the British Isles and to demonstrate the mixed racial stock of ancient Ireland.

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