Peter Finnerty

Life
1766-1822; Irish journalist, who was imprisoned 1797-99 for editing The Press, in which appeared a letter protesting the execution of William Orr; later author of reports critical of Walecheren Expedition in the Morning Chronicle, 1809; forced to return on an English warship; first active war correspondent; sentenced to 18 months for libelling Castlereagh - and defended by Percy Bysshe Shelley in a poem of 1811 rediscovered in 2006; received public subscription of 2,000; issued The Case of Peter Finnerty (1811), which ran to four edns. ODNB DIW DIB

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References
Dictionary of National Biography : ed. The Press (Dublin); punished for political libel, though defended by Curran, 1797; imprisoned for libel of Castlereagh in Morning Chronicle, 1811.

Wikipedia: Finnerty was born in Loughrea, the son of a town trader. He moved to Dublin where he became a printer, later publishing The Press, a nationalist paper begun in September 1797 by Arthur O’Connor. Finnerty was closely associated with James MacHugo and Francis Dillon, fellow natives of Loughrea who built the local branch of the United Irishmen. A prosecution by the government against The Press in 1797 resulted in Finnerty being tried for seditious libel: the charge arose from his paper’s strong criticism of the judges who sentenced William Orr to death and the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Camden, who refused to reprieve him. Despite being defended by John Philpot Curran, he was found guilty in the spring of 1798 and sentenced to two years in prison and a session in the pillory. Despite this, he remained in correspondence with MacHugo. / On his release, Finnerty emigrated to London, working as a parliamentary reporter with the Morning Chronicle and war correspondent during the Walcheren Campaign (1809). In 1811 he was sentenced to eighteen months in prison for libel against Lord Castlereagh. He died in Westminster in 1822. / Finnerty was supported by Percy Bysshe Shelley in A Poetical Essay on the Existing State of Things, a recently-discovered 172-line poem, accompanied by an essay, written during Shelley’s first year at Oxford in 1811, and published under the alias of “a gentleman of the University of Oxford”. The poem’s “hero” is Sir Francis Burdett, a figurehead for the campaign to support Finnerty. Its targets are variously: Lord Castlereagh, the ’cold advisers of yet colder kings’ who sent English soldiers to die in the Low Countries, and Napoleon, “like a meteor on the midnight blast”. [See Wikipedia - online; accessed 01.08.2016.]

Refs.: Case of Peter Finnerty, including a full report of all the proceedings which took place in the Court of Kings Bench upon the subject ... (London, 1811); Helen Maher, Galway Authors (1976) and The District of Loughrea: Vol. I History 1791-1918, (q.d.), pp.19–25, 37. Elías Durán de Porras, “Peter Finnerty, an ancestor of modern war correspondents" ((2014); Alison Flood, “Lost Shelley poem execrating 'rank corruption' of ruling class made public", in The Guardian (10.11.2015 - available online).

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