[Lord] Philip Dormer Stanhope
1694-1773; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1745-46; considerable patron
of arts and recipient of many Irish dedications, as well as the memorial
opposite the National Gallery rededicated to Mrs. Sybil le Brocquy; of
Chesterfield, Samuel Johnson famously wrote that he only threw a
rope to him when he was already on dry land. ODNB.
Dictionary of National Biography, Chesterfield, Philip Dormer,
4the Earl (1694-1773), Hague embassy, 1728; intimate with Mlle du Bochet,
mother of his natural son; negotiated marriage of Prince of Arange[?]
with Anne; lord Stewart, 1730; signed treaty with Spain and Holland agreeing
pragmatic sanction; retired embassy, 1732; dismissed stewardship; witty
speech against licensing of theatres, 1737 (printed 1749); visited Voltaire,
1741;denounced plan to hire Hanoverian troops; attacked new ministers
as Ge[o]ffrey Broadbottom, 1743; bequest from Lady Marlborough for political
conduct; entered Pelham min. in retirement of Carteret; as Viceroy of
Ireland, 1745-46, kept country quiet by tolerant policy and encouraged
national industry; ... the prospectus of Dr Johnsons Dictionary addressed to him, 1747; eulogised Dictionary in the World, 1754; satirised
as Sir John Chester in Barnaby Rudge; his prophecy of French Revolution,
1753; letters to natural son published by sons widow, Eugenia Stanhope,
1774; Supplement, 1787;, Fr. version, 1775, German, 1774-76; Misc. Works,.
incl. Memoirs of his Life, prepared by Maty, and suppl. letter,
with Chars. of Eminent Personages, 1777; Misc. Works, collected 1779;
Letters relative to education of his godson Publ., 1817; collected editions
of letters and lit. works, ed. Lord Mahon, 1845-53; John Bradshaw, 1892;
extracts from unpubl. letters, in Ernsts Life of Chesterfield, 1893.
Roy Foster, Modern Ireland
(1988), p.176, Philip Dormer Stanhope (1694-1773); 4th Earl of Chesterfield,
1726; Irish Viceroy, 1745-46, employed tact in keeping Ireland quiet in
1745; planned Phoenix Park; claimed he wished to be remembered as the
Irish Lord Lieutenant though it was his letters [to his son] which
immortalised him. His viceroyalty was characterised by a softening in
the social tone of Ascendancy Dublin. Richard Chenevix, supra, was his
chaplain. See also Robert Dodsley, infra.
His monument in Dublin, opposite the present National Gallery, was refurbished
and rededicated to Sybil Le Brocquy.
that Chesterfield received a copy
of OConors Dissertations (2nd edn., 1766), and wrote
with thanks but confessed, it is a great deal above me, and I now
am too old to learn Celtic (Letter to Faulkner, 22 May 1766; quoted
in Ward and Ward, eds., Letters of Charles OConor, 1988,