Hugh McCalmont Cairns [Earl
1819-1885 [Hugh MCalmont Cairns; 1st Earl Cairns]; born Cultra,
Co. Down; ed. Belfast Academical Institute, and TCD; BA 1838; Middle Bar,
1844; moved to Lincolns Inn; large practice; MP Belfast, 1852; QC
1856; noted parliamentary speaker; Att.-Gen., and Lord Justice of Appeal,
1866-72; Baron Cairns, 1867; Lord Chancellor, 1868; leader of Conservative
opposition in House of Lords, 1869-74; opposed Disestablishment of Church
in Ireland; Lord chancellor, 1874,80; Earl Cairns, 1878; philanthropist;
statue in Belfast, opp. Academical Inst. ODNB DUB
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Brief Memories of Hugh McCalmont, 1st Earl Cairns (London 1885). See
also History of Cairnes or Cai[r]ns Family (London
1906) [Library of Herbert Bell].
The British Library holds The Law of Mutual Life Assurance with
special reference to the decision of Lord Cairns in the Kent Mutual Societys
case. To which is appended ... a verbatim report of Lord Cairnss judgment.
By a Barrister-at-Law . Reprinted, with ... additions from the Review
, 36pp. 8o.; The Salmon Fisheries of Ireland. Replies to arguments
advanced against Mr. MMahons Fishery Bill by Lord Stuart de Decies and
Sir Hugh Cairns. 11pp. London: Robert Hardwicke  4o.; Addresses
delivered by Sir H. Cairns ... Rev. T. R. Birks; and the Rev. Canon Hugh
McNeile ... on the identity in the interests of the two branches of the
United Church of England and Ireland; that churchs present danger; her
duty and safeguard in the impending crisis; at the Irish Church Missions
Anniversary Breakfast, 1864. London: Hatchard & Co. 1864), 23pp.. 12o.;
Albert Arbitration. Lord Cairnss decisions [with Appendix A-P.] Reported
by F. S. Reilly, 3 pt. London: Stevens & Haynes 1872-75), 268pp., lxxvi,
8o.; Answer to the Land-Titles Speech of the Solicitor General, shewing
the objections to his bills.. pp. 28. Law Times Office: London, 
8o.; Belfast Nurses Home and Training School. Speech.. 7pp.. Belfast:
Adairs Steam Printing Works 1873), 8o.; Brief Memories of Hugh McCalmont,
first Earl Cairns by the author of Memoir of the Rev. W. Marsh, D.D.
[i.e. Miss C. M. Marsh] ... Sixth thousand with additions. London: J.
Nisbet & Co 1885), 114pp. 8o.; For the English Working Classes. The Irish
Church ... reissued by B. A. Heywood ... 2nd & 3rd edns. London: Hatchard
& Co. 1868), 18pp., 8o., [another edn.] London: Hatchard & Co 1868), 23pp.
8o.; For the English Working Classes. The Irish Church. An address delivered
in 1864 ... Re-issued by B. A. Heywood (London: Hatchard & Co. 1868),
16pp., 8o.; Four Speeches ... on behalf of the Church Missionary Society.
(London: Church Missionary House 1885), 10pp., 8o.; India Debate. Speech
of the Solicitor General delivered in the House of Commons ... in opposition
to Mr. Cardwells motion. Reprinted from The Times. 2nd edn.; 3rd edn.
London: I. R. Taylor ), 24pp., 8o.; Judgment delivered ... on behalf
of Her Majestys Most Honorable Privy Council in the case of Martin v.
Mackonochie. Edited by W. E. Browning (London: Butterworths 1869), 32pp.,
8o.; Opinions of Lord Chancellor Cairns and Lord Selborne on the Public
Worship Regulation Bill.. [London 1874.], 8pp., 8o.; Some Last Words of
Earl Cairns. Earl Cairns speech at ... Exeter Hall ... March 24th, 1885,
on the claims of the heathen and Mohammedan world. Together with a few
of his dying words.. London: C.M.S. ), 15pp., 8o.; The Speech of
the Lord Chancellor delivered in the House of Lords, June 29th 1868, on
the motion for the second reading of a Bill, intitled An Act to prevent,
for a limited time, new appointments in the Church of Ireland. [another
edition.]. London: Seeley, Jackson & Halliday 1868), 48pp., 8o. [another
edn. London: Seeley, Jackson & Halliday 1868), 47pp., 8o.; Titles to Landed
Estates. Speech of the Solicitor General, on the introduction of bills
to simplify the titles to landed estates, and to establish a registry
of titles to landed estates. London: William Amer 1859), 30pp., 8o.; Words
to Young Men. (An address). London: Hodder & Stoughton [1881.]), 7pp.,
16o.; London Chatham and Dover Railway Arbitration. Second and Final Award
[dated 24 Feb. 1871]. London: C. Roworth & Sons ), 23pp., 8o.; London
Chatham and Dover Railway Arbitration. First Award [dated 18 Aug. 1870].
(London: C. Roworth & Sons 1870), 56pp., 8o.; The to Landed Estates Bills
and the Solicitor-Generals [Lord Cairns] speech, considered (London
1859), 8o.; On the Repeal of the XXIXth Canon of 1603: The opinions of
Sir F. K., Sir H. McC. Cairns, A. J. Stephens, and R. Jebb, on behalf
of the Lord Archbishop of Armagh.. London, 1861, 8o.; The Ornaments of
the minister: Case submitted to counsel on behalf of several archbishops
and bishops of the United Church of England and Ireland; together with
the joint opinion thereon of the Attorney-General [Sir Roundell Palmer],
Sir Hugh M. Cairns, Q.C., Mr. Mellish, Q.C., Mr. Barrow.. London: Rivingtons
1866. 49pp., 21 cm.; Chancery Lunatics. A reply to the address made to
the House of Commons, June 23rd, 1858, by Sir Hugh Cairns ... then Solicitor
General, in defence of the two Acts of Parliament, passed in 1853, relating
to Chancery Lunatics. By Senex.. London: Simpkins 1861), 12.pp., 8o.
Belfast Historical Society: According to A. G. of Manchester ( The Irish Book Lover, June 1910, p.151), Cairns was a one-time President of the Belfast Historical Society which rejoiced that ‘the tocsin of freedom is ringing the knell of depotism and encouraged debate, numbering ‘Drennan, Tennent, and Templeton, among its ‘distinguished founders. J. S. Crone (ed.) responds with more information: According to the Belfast Almanack for 1817, this Society was founded in September 1811 by a few young men for their improvement in the knowledge of general history and of the British laws and constitution. Amongst its presidents, whose addresses have been published, were Sheridan Knowles, the dramatist, Prof. Cairns, and R. J. Tennant, M.P. It ceased about 1819, for it does not appear amongst the institutions of Belfast mentioned in the Almanack for the years 1820-22. Crone adds that the existence of a pamphlet of 1830 cited by A.G. (as supra) implies that it was revived in 1825 and notes his own possession of an address to the same delivered by James Hirst, President of the Society, in 1831. (Ibid.)
Namesakes: other works by authors named Hugh Cairns, viz., Intracranial Surgery (London 1929); Prelude to Imperialism. British reactions to Central African society, 1840-1890 (Routledge & Kegan Paul 1965); The identity and originality of Teilhard de Chardin [xeroxed revised version] (Edinburgh 1974); Investigation of War Wounds: Penicillin - Preliminary report to the War Office [by] Brigadier Hugh Cairns [London] (1943), 114pp., 8o. [See British Library Catalogue to 1975.]