This is the earliest connected account of Mr. Yeatss painting. To it future writers on the subject will, perhaps, be indebted, no less than writers on Proust to Madariagas essay; or writers on Joyce to Curtiuss - indebted for an attitude to develop, or correct, or reject. It is rare for the first major reaction to art of genius to come, as here, from a compatriot of the artist. The causes of this are no doubt profound and forcible. It is agreeable to find them coerced. The greater part of this essay was written in London, in 1938. A postscript, written this year in Ireland, covers Mr. Yeatss development from 1938 to the present time. The past seven vears have confirmed Mr. MacGreevy in the views that a dozen London publishers, not yet so fortunate as to lack paper, declined to publish. This is not to be wondered at. It is difficult to formulate what it is one likes in Mr. Yeatss painting, or indeed what it is one likes in anything, but it is a labour not easily lost, and a relationship once stated not likely to fail, between such a knower and such an unknown. There is at least this to be said for mind, that it can dispel mind. And at least this for art - criticism, that it can lift from the eyes, before rigor vitae sets in, some of the weight of congenital prejudice. Mr. MacGreevys little book does this with a competence that will not surprise those who have read his essay on Mr. Eliot, or his admirable translation of Valerys Introduction à la Méthode de Léonard de Vinci, nor those who follow, in the Record, his articles on writers and artists, little known, as yet, in the Republic.
The National Painter
Mr. MacGreevy sees in Mr. Yeats the first great painter, the first great Irish painter, that Ireland has produced, or, indeed, could have produced; the first to fix, plastically, with completeness and for his time finality, what is peculiar to the Irish scene and to the Irish people. This is the essence of his interpretation, and it permeates the essay in all its parts. The position is made clear at the outset.
... What was unique in Ireland was that the life of the people considered itself, and was in fact, spiritually and culturally as well as politically, the whole life of the nation. Those who acted for the nation officially were outside the nation. They had a stronger sense of identity with the English governing class than with the people of Ireland, and their art was no more than a province of English art. The first genuine artist, therefore, who so identified himself with the people of Ireland as to be able to give true and good and beautiful artistic expression to the life they lived, and to that sense of themselves as the Irish nation, inevitably became not merely a genre painter like the painters of the petit peuple in other countries, and not merely a national painter in the sense that Pol de Limbourg, Louis Le Nain, Bassano, Oslade or Jan Steen were national painters, but the national painter in the sense that Rembrandt and Velasquez and Watteau were national painters, the painter who in his work was the consummate expression of the spirit of his own nation at one of the supreme points in its evolution.